There is a reason why Japanese gardens are some of the most beautiful in the world. Not only do they incorporate natural elements like ponds and rocks, but they also use traditional plants that have been carefully chosen for their beauty and symbolism. If you want to add a touch of Japan to your garden, consider using these nine plants.
1. Wisteria (Wisteria Floribunda)
A beautiful climbing plant, wisteria is perfect for pergolas and trellises. It produces clusters of lavender-blue flowers that bloom in late spring or early summer. The flowers have a sweet fragrance that is sure to please anyone who smells it. This plant is native to Japan and China, and it has been cultivated in Japan for centuries.
Bamboo is one of the most popular plants in Japan and can be found in many different types of gardens. It is a fast-growing grass that can reach up to 60 feet tall, making it perfect for creating privacy screens or property boundaries. Bamboo is also known for being very strong and flexible, so it can be used to make furniture or other garden structures.
3. Azalea (Rhododendron)
The azalea is a type of Rhododendron and is native to Japan. It is an evergreen shrub that can grow to be quite large, reaching up to 6 feet tall. Azaleas come in a variety of colors, including white, pink, and red, and they are often used as hedges or border plants in Japanese gardens.
4. Cherry Blossom (Sakura)
The cherry blossom, or sakura, is one of the most iconic symbols of Japan. These beautiful flowers bloom in the spring and are often associated with new beginnings. Cherry trees can grow to be quite large, so they are often used as shade trees in Japanese gardens.
The camellia is a flowering plant that is native to Asia. It grows best in areas with mild winters and humid summers, making it a good choice for gardens in Japan. Camellias come in a variety of colors, including white, pink, and red, and they are often used as border plants or groundcover.
Hydrangeas are one of the most popular flowers in Japan and have been cultivated for centuries. There are many different species of hydrangea, but the most common is the mophead hydrangea (H. macrophylla), which has large, round clusters of flowers in shades of pink, purple, blue, or white.
Hydrangeas are relatively easy to care for and can be grown in full sun or partial shade. They prefer moist, well-drained soil and should be watered regularly. Hydrangeas can be propagated from cuttings or by dividing the rootball of an established plant.
7. Cherry Laurel (Prunus laurocerasus)
The cherry laurel is a type of Prunus and is native to Asia. It is an evergreen shrub that can grow to be quite large, reaching up to 15 feet tall. Cherry laurels are often used as hedges or privacy screens in Japanese gardens.
Hosta is a traditional Japanese plant that has been used for centuries to spice up gardens. This perennial plant is known for its beautiful leaves, which come in a variety of colors and shapes. Hosta is a low-maintenance plant that is easy to care for, making it a great choice for beginning gardeners.
9. Japanese Iris
The Japanese iris (Iris ensata) is a beautiful flower that blooms in late spring or early summer. It has long, slender petals in shades of blue, purple, white, or yellow. Japanese irises are native to Japan and Korea and have been cultivated for centuries.
Japanese irises prefer full sun or partial shade and moist, well-drained soil. They should be watered regularly during the growing season. Japanese irises can be propagated from seed or by dividing the rhizomes of an established plant.